Enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection - including symptoms, treatment and prevention
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is one of a large family of viruses which multiply in the human gastrointestinal tract (gut). EV71 infection can cause illness ranging from mild through to serious with life threatening complications. Reports of EV71 infection occur from time to time in Australia. Outbreaks have been reported in Asia over many years, and occasionally in Australia (for example in NSW in 2012 and 2013).
How enterovirus 71 is spread
Spread is from person to person through contamination of hands or objects (for example, toys) with infected faeces. The virus is then taken in by the mouth. Spread also occurs by contact with the saliva, nasal mucus or sputum (phlegm) of an infected person. In people with hand, foot and mouth disease, direct contact with fluid from blisters on the infected person can also spread the virus.
Signs and symptoms of enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection
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