Mosquito borne disease explained
We all know mosquitoes can be a nuisance, but some can spread serious diseases when they bite.
There is currently no cure and no vaccine for either virus. A blood test by a doctor confirms if you're infected and symptoms include:
- joint and muscle pain, swelling or stiffness
- flu-like symptoms (fever, chills, headache)
- tiredness or weakness
- a feeling of being unwell.
There is no specific treatment for either virus but paracetamol can be used to treat pain and fever. Remember to always follow your doctor's advice and any medicine labels.
Most people recover in a few weeks but sometimes symptoms can last for a few months, and in some cases for over a year.
More serious mosquito-borne diseases
Some mosquitoes can spread rare, but more serious and sometimes fatal diseases.
- Murray Valley encephalitis and Kunjin viruses can be spread by mosquitoes in South Australia and other parts of Australia.
- Dengue fever can be spread by mosquitoes in North Queensland.
- Chikungunya and dengue fever can be spread by mosquitoes in some overseas countries.
Protect yourself and your family from mosquito bites
The only way to protect yourself and your family is to avoid being bitten.
Wear long, loose fitting, light coloured clothing.
Use insect repellent containing DEET (diethyl toluamide) or picaridin and always follow instructions on the label.
Stop mosquitoes breeding in water pooling around your property.