Possible differential diagnoses for lumbar disorders and conditions that may mimic them are listed below. Comprehensive information detailing each of these clinical presentations along with guidance for investigation, management and appropriate referral can be accessed in the supporting documents.
Mechanical lumbar disorders
Mechanical lumbar disorders include:
non-specific low back pain
degenerative processes of discs and facet joints (spondylosis)
internal disc disruption
discogenic low back pain
osteoporotic compression fracture
congenital disease e.g. severe kyphosis/scoliosis
Acute Cauda Equina Syndrome
Details on signs and symptoms, investigation methods, management recommendations and referral details for each of the above types of mechanical disorders are available in the Mechanical lumbar disorders (PDF 259KB) fact sheet.
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