The purpose of the Guideline on the Public Health Standards of Practice for Hairdressing (PDF 511KB) is to provide appropriate information to the hairdressing industry on such issues as infection risk, decontamination of equipment, disinfectants, operator hygiene and maintenance of cleanliness standards for hairdressing premises, to assist hairdressers in meeting their general duty under the South Australian Public Health Act 2011 (the Public Health Act) to prevent or minimise any harm to public health resulting from their activities.
It is essential for hairdressers to know and understand the health implications of the procedures carried out and the precautions that must be taken to minimise health risks.
Operators must assume that all blood and other body substances are potential sources of infection. To minimise transfer of micro-organisms, operators must perform all procedures in a safe and hygienic manner, following all infection control techniques and procedures.
Broken skin or infection on exposed parts of the body of the operator should be kept covered with a waterproof plaster or handy tape. Single-use disposable gloves must be worn if the procedure involves skin penetration.
Below is a summary of the environmental requirements:
Hairdressing procedures require the following environmental considerations:
Work area floors, floor coverings, walls, ceilings, shelves, fittings and other furniture should be constructed of materials suitable for the procedures undertaken and should be smooth, impermeable and easily cleaned.
A basin with hot and cold water supplied through a single outlet, plus soap or detergent, and disposable paper towels should be provided in the immediate area where hairdressing is undertaken.
Where drinking glasses, cups, dishes and cutlery are used, an efficient dishwashing machine or sink with hot and cold water should be provided. A suitable detergent for washing eating and drinking utensils should be supplied.
Clean and soiled linen must be stored separately to avoid cross contamination.
Cleaning is also essential in providing a professionally competent, safe and hygienic service which includes the minimum cleaning requirements. These include:
clean linen must be used on each client
capes should be cleaned at least once a week or sooner if dirty
linen used during perms and colouring should only be used once
soiled linen and other clothing should be cleaned in hot water and detergent at least once a week
routine cleaning of work areas is important to reduce transmitting of infections
appropriate management of blood spills
In accordance with the South Australian Public Health (General) Regulations, a suitable rubbish bin must be provided for the containment of soiled tissues, paper, swabs, disposable products and other wastes.
The owner, operator or occupier of the premises must take reasonable steps to ensure that any refuse stored on the premises does not create a public health risk. It should be disposed of as often as appropriate for the nature of the refuse, but in any event at least once per week.
The owner, operator or occupier of any premises where a container for the storage of refuse is kept must take reasonable steps to ensure that the container is kept in a clean and sound condition.
Under the Public Health Act, operators must ensure that any sharps used are disposed of into a suitable sharps container and disposed of via a licensed contractor. Contact your local council for suitable containers and collection times.
Operators must always handle sharps with care to minimise the possibility of injury to themselves, clients or people involved in the collection of discarded materials and refuse.
If a person is accidentally cut by scissors, clippers or any sharp implement, staff must act immediately. Steps include:
applying pressure to the wound with a dry sterile disposable dressing until the bleeding has stopped
handle both the dressing and the contaminated implement carefully to avoid contact with blood or body fluid
carefully wrap contaminated dressings and place them into a general rubbish container
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