Shingles (herpes zoster) vaccine
The zoster vaccine helps to protect you against shingles (herpes zoster).
Shingles is a localised, painful vesicular rash which is a re activation of the same virus that causes chickenpox earlier in life. Shingles is most common on the abdomen, sides and back, but can affect any part of the body, including the face. It usually lasts 10-15 days.
Shingles can lead to post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) which is persistent pain lasting longer than 3 months after the development of the rash. Depending on the site of reactivation, complications can occur, especially with increasing age. Depending on the area affected, the following may occur:
- Inflammation of the eye
- Inflammation of the brain and spinal cord
- Secondary bacterial infection
The vaccine contains a small amount of the live virus.
Some people may not be able to receive a live vaccine for medical reasons, please discuss with your doctor or immunisation provider for further information.
The zoster vaccine (Zostavax ®) is free for people aged 70 years of age as part of the National Immunisation Program.
From 1 November 2016 the vaccine will also be free for a five year catch-up program for people aged 71 – 79 years.
Zostavax ® is only registered for use in adults 50 years of age and older who have not previously received a dose of zoster vaccine. Speak to your doctor for further information on receiving this vaccine if you are aged 50-69 years of age.
How the vaccine is given
Zoster vaccine is given as an injection into the top of the arm.
Possible side effects
Like any medications, the zoster vaccine can have some minor and short lasting side effects.
- Pain, redness ,swelling or itch at injection site
- Fatigue (tiredness)
- Fever (temperature)
- Chickenpox type rash
- Severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis).
Any unexpected event following immunisation should be reported to SA Health.
Reducing the side effects
Many of the common side effects can be reduced by:
- drinking extra fluids
- taking paracetamol as per the instructions on the packet
- not overdressing if you are hot.
Speak to your local pharmacist about suitable lotions you can purchase to reduce the itchiness of the rash.
Where to get immunised
To receive the vaccine contact your doctor, local council, community health centre or Aboriginal health centre to arrange an appointment.
For further information on immunisation providers, see the Immunisation services page.