Reporting an exposure to rabies or Australian bat lyssavirus
What needs to be reported?
People who come into contact with any bat in Australia or overseas, and people who come into contact with any mammal (especially dogs, cats and monkeys) in a country where there is a rabies virus risk.
Reports of exposure should be made PRIOR TO COMMENCING ANY TREATMENT WITH RABIES IMMUNOGLOBLUIN OR RABIES VACCINE, as soon as possible.
Why you need to report an exposure
Reporting is required to develop an individual treatment plan, which is based on the type of exposure, previously received rabies vaccines, and treatments that may have been administered overseas at the time of the exposure.
Post exposure treatment is
free and coordinated through SA Health.
Who can report exposures?
Anyone can report an exposure to SA Health, for the development of a post exposure treatment plan.
How to report to SA Health
Reports of an exposure can be made by:
- Phoning SA Health's Immunisation Section on 1300 232 272. After hours reports will be redirected to the on call medical officer.
- During business hours* complete a Rabies or Lyssavirus Post Exposure Treatment Reporting Form (DOC 70KB) and return by email to: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Before submitting a report during business hours, ensure you phone the Immunisation Section and advise that a report has been completed. This will ensure urgent action is taken and treatment can commence immediately.
*Business hours are Monday to Friday, 8.30 am to 5.00 pm - excluding public holidays
Imogam® Rabies Pasteurized (Human Rabies Immunoglobulin), is the only HRIG registered with the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) in Australia. The Australian Government has sourced an alternate HRIG product (KamRAB® Rabies Immune Globulin (Human)), which is not yet licensed in Australia, when Imogam is unavailable.
For more information on post exposure prophylaxis see the Rabies virus and other lyssavirus for health professionals page.