In 2018, the daily smoking prevalence among those 15 years and over was 8.6%, which was significantly lower than in 2017 (13.9%).
In 2018, the daily smoking prevalence for females was (8.8%) and males (8.3%) and was highest among 45-59 year olds (15.7%), followed by 30-44 year olds (10.6%), 15-29 year olds (4.5%), and those aged 60 years and over (4.3%).
Results from the 2017 Australian School Students’ Alcohol and Drugs (ASSAD) Survey for South Australia show that in 2017, only 10.2% of secondary school students aged 12 to 17 years had ever smoked, and 2.5% had smoked in the last week (2.9% of male students and 2% of female students). The decrease in ever having smoked from 13.8% in 2014 to 10.2% in 2017 was statistically significant, while smoking in the last year remained stable.
In 2017 there were differences in smoking prevalence by age group: those aged 16-17 years were significantly more likely to have ever smoked (14.9% vs. 7.7% of those aged 12-15 years) or to have smoked in the last week (4.6% vs. 1.3%).
The proportion of current smokers in 2017 was significantly higher among 16-17 year olds than 12-15 year olds; as well as among respondents living in the most disadvantaged areas; respondents with a diagnosed mental health condition and respondents with ‘average’ self-reported school ability. Having friends who smoke was associated with a 100-fold increase in the likelihood of current smoking compared with not having friends that smoke. Increased likelihood of smoking was also associated with having a parent and/or siblings who smoke.
Almost 9% of students in 2017 had ever used e-cigarettes, stable from 2014 (10.3%). Use of e-cigarettes was significantly higher among 16-17 year olds (12%) compared with 12-15 year olds (7.3%). Male students (11.2%) were significantly more likely than female students (6.3%) to have ever used e-cigarettes.
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