Rationale for testing (early detection can improve long-term prognosis and reduce risk of transmission)
HIV antibody and antigen test
difference between HIV and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
6 week ‘window period’ from exposure to development of antibodies or detectable antigen
advise if repeat test will be necessary
confidentiality issues around HIV testing include appropriate policies within the surgery to protect the patient. Patients should be advised about protecting their own confidentiality by carefully considering and limiting whom they tell
obtain informed consent from patient
it is recommended that all HIV positive results are given in person by medical practitioners.
Implications of a negative result
provides opportunity to discuss prevention through safe sex
if exposure to risk was less than 6 weeks ago, a repeat test may be indicated.
Implications of a confirmed positive result
Discuss the difference between HIV and AIDS
check if there is a trusted support person available
discuss medical follow-up and treatments
support lifestyle changes, for example diet, smoking, rest, safe sex
contact tracing of past sexual partners
arrange another appointment for further counselling or refer to another agency.
You can search through to find related information.
Notifiable disease reporting
When and how clinicians should notify SA Health of the occurrence of notifiable diseases under the South Australian Public Health Act 2011
Adelaide Sexual Health Centre
Adelaide Sexual Health Centre provides free, confidential, specialist sexual health services. Get advice, testing and treatment for all sexually transmitted infections.
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