Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) containing vaccines
Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine helps protect you against Haemophilus influenzae. Hib causes meningitis, blood poisoning, airway obstruction, pneumonia, and infections of the bones, joints and skin.
There are two different types of vaccines containing Hib currently available as part of the National Immunisation Program. The below information details a list of diseases you are protected against for each vaccine:
- Infanrix hexa® - diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, Haemophilus influenzae type b, hepatitis B and polio
- Act-HIB® - Haemophilus influenzae type b.
Hib containing vaccines are available free through the National Immunisation Program, for the following groups:
- Infants at 6 weeks, 4 months and 6 months of age - Infanrix hexa® vaccine
- Children at 18 months of age – Act-HIB®vaccine
The Hib vaccine may also be recommended for other groups, for example if you are at a high risk of catching the infection. Speak to your doctor or immunisation provider if you think you are in a high risk category.
How the vaccine is given
The vaccines are given as an injection into the thigh if under 12 months of age or the top of the arm from 12 months of age.
Possible side effects
Like any medications, the combination vaccines can have some minor and short lasting side effects.
Common side effects may include:
- pain, redness and swelling at the injection site
- mild fever of 37-38 degrees Celsius
- feeling unsettled or irritable
Very rarely, you may experience a severe allergic reaction to the vaccine.
Any unexpected event following immunisation should be reported to ensure effective vaccine safety.
Reducing the side effects
Many of the common side effects can be reduced by:
- drinking extra fluids
- taking paracetamol
- not overdressing if you are already hot.
Where to get immunised
To receive the vaccine contact your doctor, local council or community health centre or Aboriginal health centre to arrange an appointment.
For further information on immunisation providers, see the Immunisations services page.