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SA Dental Service

Information for people with mouth ulcers

Mouth Ulcers appear as open sores on the lining of the mouth 
and occur when part of the tissue lining the mouth is eroded.

Eating, drinking and tooth brushing may be uncomfortable due 
to tenderness caused by the ulcers. The most common reason 
ulcers occur is mechanical injury, such as accidentally biting your 
cheek. Some ulcers occur as a result of a viral infection. Ulcers 
can recur with no known cause.  In most cases mouth ulcers are 
harmless and heal by themselves in seven to 10 days without the 
need for medical treatment. 

To help soothe your ulcer:

drink plenty of fluids   plain tap water is the best drink &gt;

avoid spicy and sour foods until the ulcer heals &gt;

rinse your mouth with warm, lightly salted water &gt;

keep your mouth clean. Brush your teeth gently, taking care &gt;
not to slip with the brush

speak to your dental professional about temporary &gt;
relief options

if you are a smoker, think about quitting and give your teeth &gt;
and gums a healthy chance (for free advice call 13 7848).

If your mouth ulcers don t clear up within seven to 10 days, 
if you have extreme pain or if you suffer frequent ulcers, 
see your dental professional. 

http://www.gilf.gov.au/

11082-Mouth Ulcers fact sheet-A5.indd   1 16/2/11   2:25:15 PM

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For more information contact

SA Dental Service
GPO Box 864
Adelaide SA 5001

Telephone: 1300 008 222
www.sahealth.sa.gov.au/sadental

 Department for Health and Wellbeing, Government of South Australia. 
All rights reserved. Printed April 2019 Stock No. 7174 




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