Protecting the vulnerable this winter
Influenza, commonly known as the flu, is a highly contagious infection of the nose, throat and lungs caused by the Influenza A or B viruses. Influenza is much more serious than the common cold. It can lead to pneumonia and other
The virus is spread when an infected person talks, coughs or sneezes small droplets containing the virus into the air. These air droplets may be breathed in by those nearby. Infection may also be spread by contact with hands, tissues and other infected articles.
Don’t be a hero – if you have symptoms of the flu stay home and avoid exposing vulnerable people to illness.
People with chronic medical conditions
Some chronic medical conditions leave people particularly vulnerable to the health challenges of winter.
You should consult your GP or specialist about steps you can take this winter to ensure your chronic condition is well managed.
The flu vaccine is available for free to people six months of age or older with the following underlying chronic medical conditions:
- cardiac disease
- chronic respiratory conditions including severe asthma
- other chronic illnesses requiring regular medical follow up or hospitalisation in the previous year, for
examplediabetes, chronic renal (kidney) failure, chronic metabolic disease and haemoglobinopathies
- chronic neurological conditions that may impact on
respiratoryfunction including multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injuries, seizure disorders and other neuromuscular disorders
- people with impaired immunity, including HIV infection, malignancy and chronic steroid use
- children on
long termaspirin therapy.
Find out more about getting vaccinated as part of the 2018 Annual Influenza Vaccination Program.
People over 65
Over 65s are far more likely than any other age group to die from the flu. More than 90 per cent of last year’s
This age group are also particularly vulnerable to other winter health challenges like hypothermia. This winter, look after your elderly family, friends or neighbours; making sure they are warm and well.
If you are 65 or over you are eligible to get vaccinated against influenza for free. Find out more about the 2018 Annual Influenza Vaccination Program for over 65s.
Children under 5
The National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) advises that infants and children younger than five years of age, and especially those under three years of age, are more likely to get severe flu infections that require hospitalisation than older children, and sometimes these can be fatal.
Young children with flu are also more likely to spread the infection to others. By protecting them we can also help protect other vulnerable people in the community, including babies too young to receive a flu vaccine (those aged less than six months) and the elderly.
Remember, some conditions that are not life-threatening for an adult can be more serious for babies and young children.
Young babies with fever, especially in the first few months of life, need to be assessed by a doctor. Other concerning symptoms include poor feeding, vomiting, lethargy or irritability and skin rash. Difficulty breathing is concerning for all children.
For minor illness or injury, there
For more information about emergency care for children see care for children.
Pregnancy increases the risk of developing serious complications from the flu. Complications of the flu infection in pregnant women are the same for the rest of the population but can also include miscarriage or premature labour.
Pregnant women have an increased risk of complications because their immune system is naturally suppressed during pregnancy and their 'expanded size' can make breathing more difficult. This is particularly relevant to women in their second and third trimester.
The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG) have advised that infection in the third trimester of pregnancy appears to be the most dangerous for pregnant women.
For more information see Flu vaccine and pregnancy frequently asked questions and 2018 Annual Influenza Vaccination Program.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders
The flu vaccine is highly recommended for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders due to the increased risk of disease in the population.
Find out more about Aboriginal immunisation recommendations here.