Chlamydia testing

Chlamydia is the most common STI reported among young people in Australia. Most people don’t realise they have chlamydia because they don’t see or feel that any symptoms. Without knowing it, people can pass it on to their sex partners so it’s important to get tested regularly.

Types of tests

Chlamydia is easily tested for by taking a swab from the cervix, vagina or rectum or by a urine sample.

If you have no symptoms you can take your own vaginal or rectal swabs and a doctor or a nurse doesn’t need to examine you. Blood tests are not required for chlamydia.

What we are testing for?

The swab or urine sample will be tested for the presence of chlamydia trachomatis in the laboratory.

When to get tested

Testing is recommended for all sexually active people over the age of 30 years or who identifies themselves at risk. Testing is recommended:

  • heterosexual people - once a year
  • men who have sex with men - more regularly
  • those at risk - more regularly

Those at risk include when you change partners or have sex without a condom.

Chlamydia tests are most likely to detect infection from a week after potential exposure. If you had sex yesterday wait a week before testing.

The results

In most cases your result will be available in 24 hours.

A negative result means you have not been infected.

A positive result means that you have chlamydia and should get treated, and then have a repeat test 6 weeks later to check it has gone


Treatment of genital infections is easy – just one dose of antibiotics. Rectal infections need antibiotics for 10 days though

It’s important to wait to have sex again 7 days after you’ve finished your treatment

If your test comes back positive for chlamydia, a nurse or doctor will discuss with you ways to tell your current and past sexual partners, as it is recommended that they get tested too.

Further information

For more information on chlamydia testing, contact Clinic 275.

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