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Bone cancer and the different types in young people

Primary cancer in the bones is a fairly rare type of cancer. It mainly occurs in adolescents and young adults. 

Chondrosarcoma

This is a cancer that starts in the bone and is found in the cartilage, which is the rubbery tissue that covers the end or the surface of bones. This type of cancer is usually slow growing and is found in the: 

  • pelvis 
  • upper arms 
  • legs
  • shoulder. 

Surgery is the primary treatment for chondrosarcoma. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are less effective treatments for chondrosarcoma.

Ewing's Sarcoma

This is a primary bone cancer. It can develop anywhere in the body, but is usually found in the:

  • pelvis
  • upper arm
  • thigh bone
  • ribs. 

Most people have chemotherapy to shrink the size of the tumour and to get rid of any cancer cells around the body. This is usually followed with surgery to remove the tumour. More chemotherapy and radiotherapy usually follows.

Osteosarcoma

This is a type of cancerous tumour that starts in the bone. It is more common in teenagers (more in young guys) as it usually develops in growing bones. Most people have chemotherapy to shrink the size of the tumour and to get rid of any cancer cells around the body. This is usually followed with surgery to remove the tumour. More chemotherapy and sometimes radiotherapy usually follows.

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