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Types of cancers

Cancer can be described as solid tumours (organ tumours) or liquid tumours (blood cancers).  Both types are similar in that they are made of abnormal cells that grow uncontrollably. Solid tumours form a mass or multiple masses and the liquid tumours circulate around the body through the bloodstream.

Solid tumours refer to a solid mass of cancer cells that grow in organ systems and can occur anywhere in the body, for example Breast Cancer.  

Liquid tumours occur in the blood, bone marrow or lymph nodes and include types of Leukaemia, Lymphoma and Myeloma.

Common cancers in South Australia 

There are many different types of cancer, in 2007 the ten leading types of cancer in South Australia for men and women were:

Common cancers in South Australian men Common cancers in South Australian women
Prostate Breast
Bowel Bowel
Lung Lung
Melanoma Melanoma
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
Bladder Uterine
Kidney Unknown primary
Leukaemia Kidney
Unknown primary Ovarian
Pancreatic Pancreatic

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